Main Article Content
Single and dual linearly-polarized receiving mode nanoantennas are designed for solar energy harvesting at 28.3 THz. The infrared rectennas are used to harvest the solar energy and converting it to electrical energy. The proposed infrared rectenna is a thin dipole made of gold and printed on a silicon dioxide substrate. Different shapes of the dipole arms have been investigated for maximum collected energy. The two poles of the dipole have been determined in a rectangular, circular and rhombus shapes. The rectenna dipole is used to concentrate the electromagnetic energy into a small localized area at the inner tips of the gap between the dipole arms. The dimensions of the different dipole shapes are optimized for maximum near electric field intensity at a frequency of 28.3 THz. A Metal Insulator Metal (MIM) diode is incorporated with the nanoantenna dipole to rectify the received energy. The receiving efficiency of the solar energy collector with integrated MIM diode has been investigated. A dual-polarized, four arms, rhombus shaped nanoantenna dipole for solar energy harvesting has been designed and optimized for 28.3 THz applications.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
M. Galloa, L. Mescia, O. Losito, M. Bozzetti, and F. Prudenzano "Design of optical antenna for solar energy collection," Energy, vol.39, no.1, pp. 27-32, March 2012.
I.E. Hashem, N.H. Rafat, and E.A. Soliman "Dipole nantennas terminated by traveling wave rectifiers for ambient thermal energy harvesting," IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology, vol.13, no.4, pp.767 - 778, 2014.
Hend A. Malhat, Nermeen A. Eltresy, Saber H. Zainud-Deen, and Kamal H. Awadalla, "Nano-dielectric resonator antenna reflectarray/ transmittarray for terahertz applications," Advanced Electromagnetics, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 36-44, June 2015.
Hend A. Malhat, Nermeen A. Eltresy, Saber H. Zainud-Deen, and Kamal H. Awadalla, "Reflectarray nano-dielectric resonator antenna using different metals," The Applied Computational Electromagnetics Society Journal, vol. 30, no. 9, pp. 967-974, Sept. 2015.
M. Klemm, "Novel directional nanoantennas for single-emitter sources and wireless nano-links," International Journal of Optics, vol.2012, pp. 1-7, 2012.
S. Maksymov, A.E. Miroshnichenko, and Y.S. Kivshar, "Actively tunable bistable optical Yagi-Uda nanoantenna," Opt. Express, vol. 20, no. 8, pp. 8929-8938, 2012.
M. Agio, "Optical antennas as nanoscale resonators," Nanoscale, vol.4, pp. 692-706, 2012.
S.A. Maier, Plasmonics fundamentals and applications, Springer, USA, 2007.
A.M. A. Sabaawi, C.C. Tsimenidis, and B.S. Sharif, "Analysis and modeling of infrared solar rectennas," IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, vol. 19, no. 3, DOI: 10.1109/JSTQE.2012.2227686, 2013.
I. Kocakarin, K. Yegin "Glass superstrate nanoantennas for infrared energy harvesting applications" International Journal of Antennas and Propagation, vol. 2013, pp. 1-7, 2013.
D.K. Kotter, S.D. Novack, W.D. Slafer, and P.J. Pinhero, "Theory and manufacturing processes of solar nanoantenna electromagnetic collectors," Journal of Solar Energy Engineering, vol. 132, no. 1, pp. 1-8, Jan. 2010.
S. J. Cooke, R. Shtokhamer, A.A. Mondelli, and B. Levush, "A fnite integration method for Conformal, structure-grid, electromagnetic simulation," Journal of Computational Physics, vol. 215, no. 1, pp. 321-347, 2006.
N. Kumar, Spontaneous Emission Rate Enhancement Using Optical Antennas; Ph.D. Thesis, University of California, Berkeley, USA, 2013.
I.E. Hashem, Infrared Solar Energy Harvesting Using Nano-Rectennes. M.Sc. Faculty of Engineering, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt, 2013.
M.N. Gadalla, M. Abdel-Rahman and A. Shamim, "Design, optimization and fabrication of a 28.3 THz nano-rectenna for infrared detection and Rectification," Nature, Scientific Reports, vol. 4, pp. 1-9, Mar. 2014.