Does the electromotive force (always) represent work?

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C. J. Papachristou
A. N. Magoulas


In the literature of Electromagnetism, the electromotive force of a "circuit" is often defined as work done on a unit charge during a complete tour of the latter around the circuit. We explain why this statement cannot be generally regarded as true, although it is indeed true in certain simple cases. Several examples are used to illustrate these points.


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Papachristou, C. J., & Magoulas, A. N. (2015). Does the electromotive force (always) represent work?. Advanced Electromagnetics, 4(1), 10–15.
Research Articles
Author Biographies

C. J. Papachristou, Naval Academy of Greece

Faculty, Dept. of Physical Sciences, Naval Academy of Greece

A. N. Magoulas, Naval Academy of Greece

Faculty, Dept. of Electrical Engineering, Naval Academy of Greece


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