Electric and Magnetic Coulomb Potentials in the Deuteron
After one century of nuclear physics, the underlying fun- damental laws of nuclear physics are still missing. Bohr had found a formula for the H atom and another for the H2 molecule but no equivalent formula exists for the deuteron 2H. The only known Coulomb interaction in a nucleus by the mainstream nuclear physics is the long range repulsion between protons, forgetting that the neutron contains elec- tric charges with no net charge. The neutron is attracted by the proton in a way discovered two millenaries ago by the Greeks. This attraction is equilibrated by the repulsion between the opposite magnetic moments of the proton and of the neutron in the deuteron. The bare application of ge- ometry together with electric and magnetic Coulomb’s in- teractions accounts for the binding energy of the deuteron, without fitting, with only 4 per cent discrepancy, proving the electromagnetic nature of the nuclear energy.
E. S. Bieler, The large-angle scattering of alpha-particles by light nuclei, Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A105 (1924) 434-450.
F. Bloch, Le moment magnetique du neutron, Annales de l'I. P. H. P. 8 (1938) 63-78.
V. F. Weisskopf, J. M. Blatt, Theoretical Nuclear Physics (Courier Dover Publications, 1991).
A. Kievsky, M. Viviani, L. E. Marcucci, N-d scattering including electromagnetic forces, Phys. Rev. C69, (2004) 014002.
I. Hornyak, A. T. Kruppa, Two-body Coulomb scattering and complex scaling, Phys. Rev., A85, 022702 (2012).
St. Kistryn et al., Evidence of the Coulomb-force effects in the cross-sections of the deuteron–proton breakup at 130 MeV, Phys. Lett. B641 (2006) 23-27.
R. Feynman, R. B. Leighton, M. Sands, The Feynman Lectures on Physics 2, Pearson/Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass, 2006.
B. Schaeffer, Electromagnetic theory of the nuclear interaction. Application to the deuteron 2H, Frontiers of Fundamental Physics, 6-9 July 2010, Paris, France, AIP Conf. Proc. 1446, 123-131 (2012).
B. Schaeffer, Electromagnetic Theory of the Binding Energy of the Hydrogen Isotopes, Journal of Fusion Energy, 30 (2011) 377-381.
J. C. Maxwell, A treatise on electricity and magnetism, Vol. 2, Oxford University Press, 1998.
G. E. Owen, Introduction to Electromagnetic Theory, Courier Dover Publications, Oxford, 2003.
K. Yosida, Theory of magnetism, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996.
H. Yukawa, On the Interaction of Elementary Particles, Proc. Phy. Math. Soc. Japan 17 (1935) 48-57.
B. Schaeffer, Ab Initio Calculation of 2H and 4He Binding Energies, Journal of Modern Physics, 3, 2012, 1709-1715.
B. Schaeffer, Electromagnetic Nature of Nuclear Energy: Application to H and He Isotopes, World J. Nucl. Sci. Techn., 3, 2013, 1-8.
P. J. Mohr, B. N. Taylor, D. B. Newell, CODATA recommended values of the fundamental physical constants: 2010, Rev. Mod. Phys. 84, 1527-1605 (2012)
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Copyright ©2012-2015 by Advanced Electromagnetics. All rights reserved.